Most are available for download as pdfs. Contact us (mcarling at uwyo dot edu) for others.


Feng, S, …, LC Megna*, MD Carling, … et al. (141 total authors). Densely sampling genomes across the diversity of birds increases power of comparative genomics analyses. Nature – accepted. 

* PhD student

Merkle, BG, BR Barber, and MD Carling. Drawn to Natural History: Enhancing field courses with drawing and field journal instruction. Natural Sciences Education – in press.

Kenney, ML*, J Belthoff, MD Carling, TA Miller, and TE Katzner. (2020) Spatial and temporal patterns in age structure of Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) wintering in eastern North America. Journal of Field Ornithology 91(1):92–101.

* undergraduate


Billerman, SM*, CA Cicero, RCK Bowie, and MD Carling. Phenotypic differences maintained despite weak genetic divergence across a moving woodpecker hybrid zone. Molecular Ecology doi: 10.1111/mec.15043

* PhD student


Morales-Rozo, A, EA Tenorio, MD Carling, and CD Cadena. Origin and cross-century dynamics of an avian hybrid zone. BMC Evolutionary Biology – doi: 10.1186/s12862-017-1096-7

Billerman, SM* and MD Carling. Differences in aggressive responses do not contribute to shifts in a sapsucker hybrid zone. The Auk: Ornithological advances – doi: 10.1642/AUK-16-142.1.
* PhD student


Maley, JM, J van Dort, RC Juarez, JE McCormack and MD Carling. The Fonseca Rail: a new sub-species from Honduras. Western Birds – doi: 10.21199/WB47.4.1.

Billerman, SM*, MA Murphy, and MD Carling. Climate change mediates sapsucker (Aves: Sphyrapicus) hybrid zone movement. Ecology and Evolution – doi: 10.1002/ece3.2507.
* PhD student

Oswald, JE, MG Harvey, R Remsen, D Foxworth, SW Cardiff, LC Megna*, MD Carling and RT Brumfield. Willet be one species or two? A genomic view of the evolutionary history of Tringa semipalmata. The Auk: Ornithological Advances – doi: 10.1642/AUK-15-232.1
* PhD student


Saucier, JR*, C Sanchez, and MD Carling. Patterns of genetic and morphological divergence in the Plain Wren (Cantorchilus modestus) species complex. The Auk: Ornithological Advances
* MS student

Jones, MR*, ZA Cheviron, and MD Carling. Spatially variable coevolution between a Haemosporidian parasite and the MHC of a widely distributed passerine. Ecology and Evolution doi: 10.1002/ece3.1391.
* MS student


Jones, MR*, ZA Cheviron, and MD Carling. Variation in positively selected major histocompatibility complex class I loci in Rufous-collared Sparrows (Zonotrichia capensis). Immunogenetics  doi: 10.1007/ s00251-014-0800-7 
* MS student

Tabak, MA, S Poncet, K Passfield, MD Carling, and C Martinez del Rio. The relationship between distance and genetic similarity among invasive rat populations in the Falkland Islands. Conservation Genetics doi: 10.1007/s10592-014-0646-4

Cheviron, ZA, C Natarajan, J Projecto-Garcia, DK Eddy, J Jones, MD Carling, CC Witt, H Moriyama, RE Weber, A Fago, and JF Storz. Integrating evolutionary and functional analyses to test hypotheses about molecular adaptation: A case study of altitudinal differentiation in hemoglobin function in an Andean sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis. Molecular Biology and Evolution doi: 10.1093/molbev/msu234

Zuckerberg, B, M Carling, R Dor, E Ferree, G Spellman and A Townsend. Differential relationships between habitat fragmentation and within-population genetic diversity of three forest-dwelling birds. bioRxiv:

Harris, RB, MD Carling, and IJ Lovette. The influence of sampling design on species tree inference: a new relationship for the New World chickadees (Aves: Poecile). Evolution 68: 501-513.


Jones, MR*, ZA Cheviron, and MD Carling. Spatial patterns of avian malaria prevalence in Zonotrichia capensis on the western slope of the Peruvian Andes. Journal of Parasitology 99: 903-905.
* MS student

Maley, JM, JR Saucier* and MD Carling. Refutation of Wyoming nesting record of Pacific Wren. Western Birds 44: 141-142.
* MS student


Dor, R, MD Carling, IJ Lovette, FH Sheldon, and DW Winkler. Species tree for the Tree Swallows (Genus Tachycineta): an alternative phylogenetic hypothesis to the mitochondrial gene tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 317-322.

Carling, MD and HA Thomassen. The role of environmental heterogeneity in maintaining reproductive isolation between hybridizing Passerina (Aves: Cardinalidae) buntings. International Journal of Ecology, vol. 2012, article ID 295463, doi:10.1155/2012/295463.
Invited submission for special issue on Ecological Speciation.


Cheviron, ZA, MD Carling, and RT Brumfield. Effect of postmortem interval on RNA isolated from field-preserved avian tissues. Condor 113: 483-489.
† these authors contributed equally.

Carling, MD and B Zuckerberg. Spatio-temporal changes in the genetic structure of the Passerina bunting hybrid zone. Molecular Ecology 20: 1166-1175.
Featured in Birding magazine.

Florez, A*, MD Carling, and CD Cadena. Reconstructing the phylogeny of “Buarremon” brush-finches and near relatives (Aves: Emberizidae) from individual gene trees. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 297-303
* undergraduate

Carling, MD, LG Serene*, and IJ Lovette. Using historical DNA to characterize hybridization between Baltimore (Icterus galbula) and Bullock’s (Icterus bullockii) orioles. Auk 128: 61-68
* undergraduate


Brumfield, RT and MD Carling.The influence of hybrid zones on species tree inference in manakins. In Estimating species trees: Practical and theoretical aspects (LL Knowles and S Kubatko, eds.). Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ.

Carling, MD, IJ Lovette, and RT Brumfield. Historical divergence and gene flow: coalescent analyses of mitochondrial, autosomal and sex-linked loci in Passerina buntings. Evolution 64: 1762-1772.


Carling, MD and RT Brumfield. Speciation in Passerina buntings: introgression patterns of sex-linked loci identify a candidate gene region for reproductive isolation. Molecular Ecology 18: 834-847.


Carling, MD and RT Brumfield. Haldane’s rule in an avian system: using cline theory and divergence population genetics to test for differential introgression of mitochondrial, autosomal and sex-linked loci across the Passerina bunting hybrid zone. Evolution 62: 2600-2615.

Carling, MD and RT Brumfield. Integrating phylogenetic and population genetic analyses of multiple loci to test species divergence hypotheses in Passerina buntings. Genetics 178: 363-377.


Brumfield, RT, JG Tello, ZA Cheviron, MD Carling, N Crochet, and KV Rosenberg. Phylogenetic conservatism and antiquity of a tropical specialization: army-ant-following in the typical antbirds (Thamnophilidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1-13.

Carling, MD and RT Brumfield. Gene sampling strategies for multi-locus population estimates of genetic diversity (θ). PLoS ONE 2(1): e160.


Avsharian Wiseman P, MD Carling, and JA Byers. Frequency and correlates of birth-site fidelity in pronghorns (Antilocapra americana). Journal of Mammalogy 87: 312-317.


Carling, MD, P Avsharian Wiseman, and JA Byers. Microsatellite analysis reveals multiple paternity in a population of wild pronghorn antelopes (Antilocapra americana). Journal of Mammalogy 84: 1237-1243.

Carling, MD, C Passavant, and JA Byers. DNA microsatellites of pronghorn (Antilocapra americana). Molecular Ecology Notes 3: 10-11.

[University of Wyoming]   [Department of Zoology & Physiology]   [UW Museum of Vertebrates]
[UW Biodiversity Institute]   [Program in Ecology]